Introducing Azure DocumentDB

On April 8, 2015, Microsoft officially launched Azure DocumentDB, and it certainly can be characterized as a typical NoSQL document database. It is a massively scalable NoSQL document database that works with schema-free JSON documents. Beyond this, however, DocumentDB stands out with some very unique capabilities.

SQL Queries Over Schema-Free JSON

Of course, DocumentDB works with schema-free JSON. But unlike some platforms that require you to define index paths in advance of being able to query on specific properties, DocumentDB automatically indexes every property in a document as soon as the document is added to the database. Simply put, every document is instantly queryable the moment it’s created, and you can search on any property anywhere within the document hierarchy. Furthermore, documents are queryable using SQL, or I should say, using a special flavor of SQL that anyone with SQL experience should immediately find intuitive.

ACID Transactions Updating Multiple Documents

DocumentDB provides a server-side environment inside which you can write JavaScript code to update multiple documents with full transactional processing. This is an easy and powerful way to ensure data consistency across multiple documents, because DocumentDB ensures that all updates made on the server are committed together, or will roll everything back together in the event of an error.

Tunable Performance

There are many ways to tune DocumentDB for the performance needed by your application. For example, throughput can be scaled up or down instantly across three different performance tiers. And although DocumentDB indexes every property on every document, you can take control and fine-tune an indexing policy that reduces storage and processing overhead for specific documents and/or properties that never need to be indexed. And while DocumentDB supports both strong and eventual consistency, it also has two additional options to give you even greater control over the tradeoffs between performance and consistency.

Runs on Azure

Finally, DocumentDB is available as a fully managed, cloud-based, Platform As A Service, running on Azure. There’s just nothing for you to install or manage. No servers, cables, operating systems, or updates to deal with, no replicas to setup – Microsoft does all that work, and keeps the service running. Azure guarantees availability as well as predictable performance based on the service tier that you sign up for. Within literally minutes, you get started working with DocumentDB using just a browser and an Azure subscription.

Stay tuned for upcoming posts, where I’ll dig into all of these exciting capabilities in greater detail.